Int32.Parse, Convert.ToInt32,Int32.TryParse三者的区别

Int32.Parse, Convert.ToInt32,Int32.TryParse三者的区别

Int32. Parse (string)

        Int32.Parse (string str) method converts the string representation of a number to its 32-bit signed integer equivalent. It takes a string and tries to extract an integer from it and returns the integer. When s is a null reference, it will throw ArgumentNullException. If str is not an integer value, it will throw FormatException. When str represents a number less than MinValue(−2,147,483,648) or greater than MaxValue(+2,147,483,647), it will throw OverflowException.  

        Int32.Parse(string str)方法将字符串转化为32bit等值整数。它接收字符串参数,尝试从中抽取整数,并返回整数。遇到null引用时,抛出ArgumentNullException;如果字符串不是整数值,抛出FormatException;当字符串代表数字小于MinValue(−2,147,483,648) 或大于MaxValue(+2,147,483,647),抛出OverflowException。

For example:

string str1 = "123"; 
string str2 = "123.45"; 
string str3 = "12312312356456456456456456456456"; 
string str4 = null; 

int resultValue; 

resultValue = Int32.Parse(str1); //-- 123 
resultValue = Int32.Parse(str2); //-- FormatException 
resultValue = Int32.Parse(str3); //-- OverflowException 
resultValue = Int32.Parse(str4); //-- ArgumentNullException

Convert.ToInt32(string)

        Convert.ToInt32(string str) method converts the specified string representation of 32-bit signed integer equivalent. Convert.ToInt32 underneath calls the Int32.Parse. The only difference is that if a null string is passed to Convert it returns 0, whereas Int32.Parse throws an ArgumentNullException. If str is other than integer value, it will throw FormatException. When s represents a number less than MinValue(−2,147,483,648) or greater than MaxValue(+2,147,483,647), it will throw OverflowException.

        Convert.ToInt32(string str) 方法转换特定字符串到32bit等值整数。Convert.ToInt32其实内部调用Int32.Parse。唯一不同的是如果参数是null引用返回0,而Int32.Parse抛出ArgumentNullException。如果str不是整数值,抛出FormatException。当字符串代表数字小于MinValue(−2,147,483,648) 或大于MaxValue(+2,147,483,647),抛出OverflowException。

For example: 

string str1 = "123"; 
string str2 = "123.45"; 
string str3 = "12312312356456456456456456456456"; 
string str4 = null; 

int resultValue; 

resultValue = Convert.ToInt32(str1); //-- 123 
resultValue = Convert.ToInt32(str2); //-- FormatException 
resultValue = Convert.ToInt32(str3); //-- OverflowException 
resultValue = Convert.ToInt32(str4); //-- 0 

Int32.TryParse(string, out int)

        This method is available in C# 2.0 and above. Int32.Parse(string, out int) method converts the specified string representation of 32-bit signed integer equivalent to out variable, and returns true if it is parsed successfully else false. When input string   is a null reference, it will return 0 rather than throw ArgumentNullException as it was coming in above two methods. If input string  is other than an integer value, the out variable will have 0 rather than FormatException as it was coming in above two methods. When input string  represents a number less than MinValue or greater than MaxValue, the out variable will have 0 rather than OverflowException as it was coming in above two methods. 

        这个方法在C#2.0及以上版本中可用。它将指定的字符串转化为out变量,如果成功转换则返回true。当参数是null引用时,返回0,而不是像前两个方法一样抛出ArgumentNullException 。如果参数不是整数,out 变量将是0,而不是抛出FormatException 。当字符串代表数字小于MinValue(−2,147,483,648) 或大于MaxValue(+2,147,483,647),out变量将是0,而不是抛出OverflowException。

For example:

string str1 = "123"; 
string str2 = "123.45"; 
string str3 = "12312312356456456456456456456456"; 
string str4 = null; 

int resultValue; 
bool isParsed;
isParsed =Int32.TryParse(str1, out resultValue); //isParsed =>true; result => 123
isParsed =Int32.TryParse(str2, out resultValue); //isParsed => false; result => 0 
isParsed =Int32.TryParse(str3, out resultValue); //isParsed => false; result => 0 
isParsed =Int32.TryParse(str4, out resultValue); // isParsed => false; result => 0 

        So from above you came to know about s several different ways to extract integers from strings in .Net. You should therefore use the method that better suits your scenario. If you've got a string, and you expect it to always be an integer use Int32.Parse.If you are expecting input other than integer use Convert.ToInt32 and if you don’t want any exception you can go for Int32.TryParse.

        所以,从上可以看出,你慢慢了解了几种方法从字符串中抽取整数。因此你应该使用最适合你需求的方法。如果你有字符串,如果期待总是返回整数,则使用Int32.Parse;如果期待除了整数还返回其他值,则用Convert.ToInt32。如果不想碰到异常,就使用Int32.TryParse。

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